Rest of Europe - Spiders & Other Insects

On this page you will find pictures of spiders and insects, other than butterflies, photographed by me in Austria, England, France, Germany, Greece, Madeira, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden and Turkey.

You can scroll down to see all photo's or you can click on the underlined English name in the list (link) to see the respective photo.

  1. Wolf Spider sp. - Wadicosa fidelis
  2. Banded Garden Spider - Afrikaanse Tijgerspin
  3. Zebra Spider sp. - Huiszebraspin
  4. Egyptian Grasshopper - Egyptische Sprinkhaan
  5. Grasshopper sp. - Ocnerodes sp.
  6. Madeiran Grasshopper - Calliptamus madeirae
  7. Field Grasshopper sp. - Aiolopus strepens
  8. Field Grasshopper sp. - Eyprepocnemis plorans
  9. Mediterranean Field Cricket - Zuidelijke Veldkrekel
  10. Great Green Bush-cricket - Grote Groene Sabelsprinkhaan
  11. European Mole Cricket - Veenmol
  12. Northern Banded Groundling - Noordelijke Bandgrondlibel
  13. Red-veined Darter - Zwervende Heidelibel
  14. Black Darter - Zwarte Heidelibel
  15. Black-tailed Skimmer - Gewone Oeverlibel
  16. Long Skimmer - Lange Oeverlibel
  17. Small Pincertail - Kleine Tanglibel
  18. Migrant Hawker - Paardenbijter
  19. Blue-tailed Damselfly - Lantaarntje
  20. Common Emerald Damselfly - Gewone Pantserjuffer
  21. Willow Emerald Damselfly - Houtpantserjuffer
  22. Mediterranean Banded Centipede - Scolopender
  23. American Cockroach - Amerikaanse Kakkerlak
  24. Mammoth Wasp - Dolkwespsp.
  25. Mud Dauber Wasp - Graafwesp sp.
  26. Oriental Hornet - Oriëntaalse Hoornaar
  27. Paper Wasp sp. - Veldwesp sp.
  28. Paper Wasp sp. - Veldwesp sp.
  29. Ichneumon Wasp sp. - Gasteruption sp.
  1. White-banded Digger Bee - Amegilla quadrifasciata
  2. White-tailed Bumblebee - Veldhommel
  3. Common Carder Bumblebee - Akkerhommel
  4. Red-tailed Bumblebee - Steenhommel
  5. Carpenter Bee sp. - Reuzenhoutbij sp.
  6. Hoverfly sp. - Bosbijvlieg
  7. Dead Head Fly - Doodskopzweefvlieg
  8. Hoverfly sp. - Lapposyrphus lapponicus
  9. Flesh Fly sp. - Dambordvlieg sp.
  10. Tachinid Fly sp.- Sluipvlieg sp.
  11. Bumblebee Robberfly - Gele Hommelroofvlieg
  12. Dung Beetle sp. - Voorjaarsmestkever
  13. Dung Beetle sp. - Gestreepte Pillendraaier
  14. Hoplia Beetle sp. - Hoplia argentea
  15. Hoplia Beetle sp. - Hoplia sp.
  16. Chequered Beetle sp. - Bijenwolfkever
  17. Darkling Beetle sp. - Zwartlijf sp. (Pimelia sp.)
  18. Darkling Beetle sp. - Zwartlijf sp. (Pimelia sp.)
  19. Darkling Beetle sp. - Zwartlijf sp. (Akis sp.)
  20. Leaf Beetle sp. - Bladhaantje sp.
  21. Alder Leaf Beetle - Elzenhaantje
  22. Longhorn Beetle sp. - Boktor sp.
  23. Harlequin Ladybird - 2-stippelig Zwart Veelkleurig LHB
  24. Harlequin Ladybird - 4-stippelig Zwart Veelkleurig LHB
  25. Dock Bug - Zuringwants
  26. Green Shield Bug - Groene Stinkwants
  27. Mottled Shield Bug - Grauwe Veldwants
  28. Milkweed Bug sp. - Grondwants sp.
  29. Leafhopper sp. - Bruine Cicade

Wolf Spider sp.
Wolfspin sp. (Wadicosa fidelis)
Embalse de Talaván, Extremadura, Spain
3 May 2012

The coloration of this spider is extremely variable, varying between dark brown, grey and nearly black.
Wadicosa fidelis is the commonest wolf spider (lycosidae sp.) living near water. It is commonly encountered running about on damp ground close to the waterline and sometimes upon the water surface.
This female carries a large blue eggsac which she drags around until the eggs hatch.

Banded Garden Spider
Afrikaanse Tijgerspin
(Argiope trifasciata)
Madeira
2 November 2013

The very similar looking Argiope bruennichi (Wasp Spider; see this photo) has brighter colored bands across the abdomen and its legs are more pinkish instead of the yellow legs of A. trifasciata.
Zebra Spider sp.
Huiszebraspin (Salticus scenicus)
Mainau Island, Bodensee, Germany
9 July 2013

The most distinctive feature of these spiders is their two very large eyes (next to six smaller ones), which is typical for jumping spiders, giving them excellent binocular vision. Zebra Spiders (size: 5-7 mm) are often noted for their awareness of humans. Upon noticing someone observing them, they can be seen raising their head, and usually change behavior (hence the name Salticus scenius: theatrical jumper).

Egyptian Grasshopper
Egyptische Sprinkhaan (Anacridium aegyptium)
Aegean Sea near Athens, Greece
28 September 2012

This is one of the largest European grasshoppers. The adult males grow up to 30–55 millimetres long, while females reach 65–70 millimetres in length. This one was huge and therefor a female.
I found it on deck of the cruise ship.

Grasshopper sp.
Ocnerodes sp.
Monfragüe National Park, Extremadura, Spain
5 May 2012

Madeiran Grasshopper
Calliptamus madeirae
Madeira
6 November 2013

Calliptamus sp. are members of the field grasshoppers (Acrididae).
Calliptatus madeirae is possibly the only one in this family that occurs on Madeira.

Field Grasshopper sp.
Aiolopus strepens
Madeira
6 November 2013

The colouration of Aiolopus strepens is quite variable.
Field Grasshopper sp.
Eyprepocnemis plorans
Isla Mayor area,
Coto Doñana, Spain
22 October 2015

Eyprepocnemis plorans is part of the family of field grasshoppers (Acrididae). It is found in dry habitats, especially near the coast on stones and sand.
It is quite large and measures up to 3,5 cm.
It has a conspicuous yellow band on the hind legs and wings, and its eyes are vertically striped.

Mediterranean Field Cricket
Zuidelijke Veldkrekel
(Gryllus bimaculatus)

Aegean Sea between Istanbul and Izmir, Turkey
24 September 2012

De kop is smaller dan het halsschild. Bij de sterk gelijkende Gryllus campestris is de kop breder dan het halsschild.
Deze vond ik in een hoekje aan dek van het cruiseschip.

Great Green Bush-cricket
Grote Groene Sabelsprinkhaan
Falsterbo, Sweden
21 September 2005
European Mole Cricket
Veenmol (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa)
Parking of Hospederia de Monfragüe, Extremadura, Spain
5 May 2012
Northern Banded Groundling
Noordelijke Bandgrondlibel
(Brachythemis impartita)
Embalse de Arrocampo, Spain
25 August 2011

This species was split in 2009 in two different species: B. impartita and B. leucosticta (Southern Banded Groundling) which wings at the end, beyond the black band, has black veins, whereas the veins of B. impartita are white. In addition, in B. leucosticta the band around the pterostigma is much more dark en complete.
Red-veined Darter
Zwervende Heidelibel
(Sympetrum fonscolombii)
Almonte area,
Coto Doñana, Spain
24 May 2015

Showing the distincitve blue lower portion of the eye and red veins in the wings.
Black Darter
Zwarte Heidelibel
(Sympetrum danae)

Botanical Garden,
Oslo, Norway
24 August 2014
Black-tailed Skimmer
Gewone Oeverlibel
(Orthetrum cancellatum)
Laguna del Portil,
El Portil, Spain
22 May 2015
Long Skimmer
Lange Oeverlibel
(Orthetrum trinacria)
Embalse de Arrocampo, Spain
25 August 2011
Small Pincertail
Kleine Tanglibel
(Onychogomphus forcipatus)
Lesvos, Greece
30 April 2010
Migrant Hawker
Paardenbijter (Aeshna mixta)
Jose Antonio Valverde Visitor Centre area,
Coto Doñana, Spain
24 October 2015

Aeshna mixta occurs in North Africa, southern and central Europe to the Baltic region. It is in the family Aeshnidae and is very similar in appearance to Aeshna affinis.
Aeshna affinis lacks the T-shaped mark which is found on the top of the second abdomen segment in Aeshna mixta (clearly visible on the photo).

Blue-tailed Damselfly
Lantaarntje
(Ischnura elegans)
Ujscie Warty National Park, Poland
17 August 2012

Hier is goed te zien dat segment 8 (op twee na laatste staartdeel) blauw is. Bij de gelijkende tengere grasjuffer is segment 9 (één na laatste staartdeel) blauw.

Common Emerald Damselfly
Gewone Pantserjuffer
(Lestes sponsa)

Botanical Garden,
Oslo, Norway
24 August 2014

Willow Emerald Damselfly
Houtpantserjuffer
(Lestes viridis)
Botanical Garden,
Hamburg, Germany
26 August 2014

Niet te verwarren met andere pantserjuffers door een gelig tot lichtbruin pterostigma (vleugelvlekje) en op de zijkant van het borststuk een donker 'schiereilandje' of 'doorntje'.

Mediterranean Banded Centipede
Scolopender
(Scolopendra cingulata)

Isla Mayor area,
Coto Doñana, Spain
22 October 2015

At approximately 10–15 centimetres, Scolopendra cingulata is one of the smallest species in the family Scolopendridae.
Its venom is also not as toxic as that of other scolopendrid centipedes.

American Cockroach
Amerikaanse Kakkerlak
(Periplaneta americana)

Machico, Madeira
4 November 2013

There are 2 cockroach species in the family Periplaneta on Madeira: P. americana and P. brunnea.
P. americana is lighter brown and the cerci (tail tips) are thinner than P. brunnea.
Despite the name, none of the Periplaneta species are endemic to the Americas; P. americana was introduced to the USA from Africa. They are now common in tropical climates.

Mammoth Wasp
Dolkwesp sp.
(Megascolia maculata maculata)
Lesvos, Greece
4 May 2010
Mud Dauber Wasp
Graafwesp sp.
(Sceliphron spirifex)

Rhodes, Greece
26 September 2012

Oriental Hornet
Oriëntaalse Hoornaar
(Vespa orientalis)

Istanbul, Turkey
30 September 2012

Paper Wasp sp.
Veldwesp sp. (Polistes sp.)
Istanbul, Turkey
30 September 2012

In males, the tips of the antennae are strongly curved. Females have straight antennae.

Paper Wasp sp.
Veldwesp sp. (Polistes sp.)
Madeira
1 November 2013

This is either Polistes nimpha or Polistes sulcifer.

Ichneumon Wasp sp.
Gasteruption sp.
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

Body lenght: 8-12 mm.
The colour of the abdomen is black, with reddish-orange rings. The tibiae of the hind legs are club shaped.
This is probably Gasteruption assectator, but identification by photo is very difficult.
White-banded Digger Bee
Amegilla quadrifasciata
Lavrion, Greece
28 September 2012
White-tailed Bumblebee
Veldhommel
Vøringsfossen Waterfall area,
Eidfjord, Norway
22 August 2014
Common Carder Bumblebee
Akkerhommel
Vøringsfossen Waterfall area,
Eidfjord, Norway
22 August 2014

Red-tailed Bumblebee
Steenhommel (Bombus lapidarius)
Mainau Island, Bodensee, Germany
9 July 2013

Bombus lapidarius is probably the most easily recognised bumblebee species, with its black body and bright orange tail. The workers have the same colouring as the queen (20-22 mm) but are much smaller (11-16 mm). The males (14-16 mm) also have similar colouring but have a yellow collar (some yellow hairs in the neck and chest).

Carpenter Bee sp.
Reuzenhoutbij sp.
(Xylocopa pubescens)

Lavrion, Greece
28 September 2012

Xylocopa pubescens strongly resembles Xylocopa aestuans, but the latter is found in Africa, the middle East and parts of Asia.
X. pubescens is also not known in Europe, but can be found as near as Turkey. As a result, Xylocopa pubescens is very likeli. Research has prooved that this would mean that my sighting is the firsting sighting of X. pubescens in Europe. I am awaiting further confirmation.

Hoverfly sp.
Bosbijvlieg (Eristalis horticola)
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

This Eristalis sp. can be identified easily by its yellow rings on the abdomen and a clear dark wing band.
The similar Eristalis nemorum (in Dutch: Puntbijvlieg) has no dark patch on the wings.

Dead Head Fly
Doodskopzweefvlieg
(Myathropa florea)
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

Myathropa florea is a large, very common European and North African species of hoverfly.
The Dead Head Fly gets its name from the marking on its thorax which can resemble a human face or death mask.
Hoverfly sp.
Lapposyrphus lapponicus
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

This species (10-12 mm) has a sharp bend in the R4+5 vein of the wing (the vein that extend to the wing tip) which distinguises
it from the similar Metasyrphus luniger. The also similar Scaeva selenitica (in Dutch: Gele Halvemaanzweefvlieg) is bigger, has more hair (especially around the eyes) and is more bright looking.

Flesh Fly sp.
Dambordvlieg sp.
(Sarcophaga sp.)

Santorini, Greece
27 September 2012

Tachinid Fly sp.
Sluipvlieg sp. (Gonia bimaculata)
Madeira
1 November 2013

This is the only Gonia sp. on Madeira.
Bumblebee Robberfly
Gele Hommelroofvlieg
(Laphria flava)

Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria

This is one of the largest robber flies (25 mm). They generally prey on insects of various species, including other robber flies, bees, wasps and beetles. All preys are penetrated by their sclerotized proboscis and dissolved by special enzymes injected in their bodies, which are then sucked out by the predator. Adults are usually seen resting on fallen pines (like this one).

Dung Beetle sp.
Voorjaarsmestkever
(Geotrupes vernalis)
Lesvos, Greece
24 April 2010

Dung Beetle sp.
Gestreepte Pillendraaier
(Scarabaeus laticollis)
Monfragüe National Park, Spain
25 August 2011

Hoplia Beetle sp.
Hoplia argentea
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

These flower-loving scarabs (9–12 mm), quite common in the mountains, are present in most of Europe. Their body is covered with
pale green, bluish-green or yellow ocher scales. The legs in males are black with longer hind legs, while in the female they are reddish and the body colour is brown.

Hoplia Beetle sp.
Hoplia sp.
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013
Chequered Beetle sp.
Bijenwolfkever
(Trichodes apiarius)
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

This is an hairy small beetle (9–16 mm) with shining blue or black head and scutellum. The elongated elytra show a bright red colour with black bands.
This species can easily be distinguished from Trichodes alvearius which doesn't have the black terminal band at the end of its shields.

Darkling Beetle sp.
Zwartlijf sp. (Pimelia sp.)
El Rompido, Spain
23 May 2015

This beetle is in the family Tenebrionidae.
It is possibly Pimelia bipunctata.

Darkling Beetle sp.
Zwartlijf sp. (Pimelia sp.)
Punta Umbria, Spain
21 May 2015

This beetle is in the family Tenebrionidae.
It is possibly Pimelia laevigata.

Darkling Beetle sp.
Zwartlijf sp. (Akis sp.)
Coto Doñana, Spain
21 May 2015

This beetle is in the family Tenebrionidae.

Leaf Beetle sp.
Bladhaantje sp.
(Chrysomelidae sp.)

Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013
Alder Leaf Beetle
Elzenhaantje (Agelastica alni)
Botanical Garden, Hamburg, Germany
26 August 2014
Longhorn Beetle sp.
Boktor sp. (Stenurella sp.)
Pfänder Mountain, Bregenz, Austria
12 July 2013

This is possibly Stenurella melanura, but it may also be S. bifasciata.
Identification by photo is almost impossible.

Harlequin Ladybird
2-stippelig Zwart Veelkleurig Lieveheersbeestje
(Harmonia axyridis form conspicua)
Appelhülsen, Germany
17 December 2012

There are many colour pattern varieties of the Harlequin Ladybird. Three of the most common morphological forms of Harmonia axyridis found in Europe are:
- f. succinea (red/orange, 0-19 dots, see NL)
- f. conspicua (black, 2 red/orange dots, see NL), and
- f. spectabilis (black, 4 dots, next photo and see NL)

Harlequin Ladybird
4-stippelig Zwart
Veelkleurig Lieveheersbeestje
(Harmonia axyridis
form spectabilis)

London
26 June 2014

Dock Bug
Zuringwants (coreus marginatus)
Bregenz, Austria
11 July 2013

The Dock Bug (Coreus marginatus) is a herbivorous species in the family Coreidae.

Green Shield Bug
Groene Stinkwants
(Palomena prasina)

Botanical Garden,
Hamburg, Germany
26 August 2014
Mottled Shield Bug
Grauwe Veldwants
(Rhaphigaster nebulosa)

Saint-Paul-en-Chablais, France
6 December 2014

Milkweed Bug sp.
Grondwants sp.
(Lygaeus pandurus)
Lesvos, Greece
2 May 2010

Lygaeus pandurus is a species in the family Lygaeidae, subfamily Lygaeinae.
It is sometimes also called Spilostethus pandurus.

Leafhopper sp.
Bruine Cicade (Issus coleoptratus)
Überlingen, Bodensee, Germany
13 July 2013

Issidae is a family of 'Planthoppers': small insects generally with a stocky body and a not striking, usually brownish body coloration.
The huge number of cross-veins in the wings is very characteristic for Issus coleoptratus. There is only one similar species, Issus muscaeformis, but this is much rarer.

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