South America - Butterflies

On this page you will find pictures of butterflies photographed by me in Colombia and Peru.

You can scroll down to see all photo's or you can click on the underlined English name in the list (link) to see the respective photo.

  1. Euribates Scarlet-eye - Euriphellus euribates
  2. Manu Spreadwing - Antigonus decens
  3. Orcus Checkered Skipper - Pyrgus orcus
  4. Bold Mylon - Mylon lassia
  5. Pavon Emperor - Doxocopa pavon
  6. Linda's Emperor - Doxocopa linda linda
  7. Capenas Bluewing - Myscelia capenas
  8. Complete Red-ring - Pyrrhogyra edocla
  9. Grecian Shoemaker - Catonephele numilia
  10. Orange Banner - Temenis laothoe
  11. Cramer's Eighty-eight - Diaethria clymena
  12. 89'98 Butterfly - Diaethria phlogea
  13. Thecla Banner - Ectima thecla
  14. Grey Cracker - Hamadryas februa
  15. Owl Butterfly sp. - Caligo sp.
  16. Idomeneus Giant Owl - Caligo Idomeneus
  17. Xanthicles Giant Owl - Catoblepia xanthicles
  18. Least Prepona - Prepona dexamenus
  19. White-spotted Prepona - Archaeoprepona amphimachus
  20. Skeletonized Leafwing - Zaretis itys
  21. Orange-striped Leafwing - Memphis philumena
  22. Tiger-striped Leafwing - Consul fabius
  23. Pale Daggerwing - Marpesia harmonia
  24. Many-banded Daggerwing - Marpesia chiron
  25. Agnosia Clearwing - Ithomia agnosia
  26. Danainae sp.- Sais rosalia zitella
  27. Giant Glasswing - Methona confusa
  28. Monarch - Danaus plexippus
  29. Julia Butterfly - Dryas iulia
  30. Silverspot Butterfly - Dione juno
  31. Eleuchia Longwing - Heliconius eleuchia
  32. Gulf Fritillary - Agraulis vanillae
  33. Alala Sister - Adelpha alala negra
  34. Boeotia Sister - Adelpha boeotia boeotia
  35. Capucinus Sister - Adelpha capucinus
  36. Ethelda Sister - Adelpha ethelda eponina
  37. White-spot Sister - Adelpha leucophthalma
  38. Levona Sister - Adelpha levona
  39. Rayed Sister - Adelpha lycorias wallisii
  40. Lowland Owlet - Opsiphanes invirae
  41. Dirce Beauty - Colobura dirce
  42. Malachite Butterfly - Siproeta stelenes
  43. Scarlet Peacock - Anartia amathea
  44. Orange Admiral - Hypanartia lethe
  45. Orange-patched Crescent - Anthanassa drusilla
  46. White Crescent - Janatella leucodesma
  47. Fiery Satyr - Lasiophila orbifera
  48. Satyrinae sp. - Taygetis sp.
  49. Saturnus Ringlet - Euptychoides saturnus
  50. Harmonia Ringlet - Hermeuptychia harmonia
  51. Sierrasteroma polyxo - Sierrasteroma polyxo
  52. Tyrrheus Satyr - Pedaliodes tyrrheus
  53. Symmachus Satyr - Corderopedaliodes symmachus
  1. Gold Rim Swallowtail - Battus polydamas
  2. Cloudless Sulphur - Phoebis sennae
  3. Pisonis Mimic - Itaballia pandosia pisonis
  4. Green Mantle - Caria mantinea
  5. Spilomelinae sp. - Spilomela perspicata
  6. Spilomelinae sp. - Diaphania sp.
  7. Spilomelinae sp. - Palpita sp.
  8. Ruby-headed Tiger Moth - Amastus coccinator
  9. Tiger Moth sp. - Amastus aconia
  10. Tiger Moth sp. - Amastus sp.
  11. Tiger Moth sp. - Galethalea sp.
  12. Tiger Moth sp. - Symphlebia fulminans
  13. Tiger Moth sp. - Symphlebia sp.
  14. Tiger Moth sp. - Theages flavicaput
  15. Wasp Moth sp. - Isanthrene crabroniformis
  16. Calpinae sp. - Letis magna
  17. Erebinae sp. - Tolnatodes dasynota
  18. Ennominae sp. - Cimicodes sp.
  19. Ennominae sp. - Cimicodes sp.
  20. Ennominae sp. - Epimecis sp.
  21. Ennominae sp. - Hygrochroma sp.
  22. Ennominae sp. - Oxydia sp.
  23. Ennominae sp. - Oxydia sp.
  24. Ennominae sp. - Oxydia sp.
  25. Ennominae sp. - Oxydia sp.
  26. Blotched Leopard - Pantherodes sp.
  27. Ennominae sp. - Sericoptera mahometeria
  28. Geometrinae sp. - Lissochlora sp.
  29. Geometrinae sp. - Rhodochlora sp.
  30. Larentiinae sp. - Eois sp.
  31. Dorantes Longtail - Urbanus dorantes
  32. Heterocampinae sp. - Lobeza sp.
  33. Heterocampinae sp. - Disphragis sp.
  34. Hemileucinae sp. - Dirphia subhorca
  35. Hemileucinae sp. - Gamelia sp.
  36. Hemileucinae sp. - Hylesia sp.
  37. Giant Silk Moth sp. - Rothschildia erycina
  38. Giant Silk Moth sp. - Rothschildia sp.
  39. Macroglossinae sp. - Xylophanes ceratomioides
  40. Macroglossinae sp. - Xylophanes sp.
  41. Macroglossinae sp. - Xylophanes sp.
  42. Macroglossinae sp. - Xylophanes sp.
  43. Smerinthinae sp. - Adhemarius ypsilon
  44. Cluentius Sphinx - Neococytius cluentius
  45. Sphinginae sp. - Manduca sp.
  46. Peacock Moth - Urania leilus

Euribates Scarlet-eye
Euriphellus euribates
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

This is a male.

Dr. Nick Grishin, an expert on American butterflies and a professor of biochemistry at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, helped me identifying this species.

 

Manu Spreadwing
Antigonus decens
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009
Orcus Checkered Skipper
Pyrgus orcus
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Bold Mylon
Mylon lassia
Pozo Azul, Minca area,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
31 October 2014

The genus Mylon contains 15 known species, all with the same characteristic wing shape and pale greyish-white ground colour.
This is very likely Mylon lassia, but it could also be Mylon zephus.

Pavon Emperor
Doxocopa pavon
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009

Linda's Emperor
Doxocopa linda linda
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009

Dxocopa linda resembles Adelpha butterflies species, but can be easily distinguished from them by the more angular wing shape and a unique green tongue (clearly shown on the photo).
Doxocopa linda produces 5 subspecies, found variously from Costa Rica to Bolivia and Paraguay.
Jorge Bizarro, a Brazilian Doxocopa expert, helped me identifiying this male D. linda linda.

Capenas Bluewing
Myscelia capenas
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Complete Red-ring
Pyrrhogyra edocla
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

Grecian Shoemaker
Catonephele numilia
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

This is a male.

Orange Banner
Temenis laothoe
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Cramer's Eighty-eight
Diaethria clymena
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009

89'98 Butterfly
Diaethria phlogea
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Its common name is due to the 89 and 98 that appear on the undersides of its wing.

Thecla Banner
Ectima thecla
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Everyone misidentifies this as a Riodinidae sp. when they first see it. It is not very common.
This species inhabits rainforest at altitudes between about 100-1000 m.
Andrew Neild, author of The Butterflies of Venezuela helped me identifying this butterfly.

Grey Cracker
Hamadryas februa
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Often seen basking on tree trunks, adopting a head-downward posture, with the wings flattened against the bark. Males bask in this position for long periods to await potential mates.
H. februa is easily confused with H. feronia, but unlike H. feronia, H. februa has redcrescents within the ocelli on the hindwings.

Owl Butterfly sp.
Caligo sp.
Puerto Maldonado, Peru
20 June 2009

According to Dr. David Lees from the Department of Zoology of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, this may possibly be Caligo teucer.

Idomeneus Giant Owl
Caligo Idomeneus
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Xanthicles Giant Owl
Catoblepia xanthicles
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Least Prepona
Prepona dexamenus
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
White-spotted Prepona
Archaeoprepona amphimachus
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Skeletonized Leafwing
Zaretis itys
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Orange-striped Leafwing
Memphis philumena
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Tiger-striped Leafwing
Consul fabius
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

Pale Daggerwing
Marpesia harmonia
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009

Many-banded Daggerwing
Marpesia chiron
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
15 June 2009
Agnosia Clearwing
Ithomia agnosia
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

Danainae sp.
Sais rosalia zitella
Lake Sandoval, Peru
20 June 2009

Member of the family Nymphalidae, subfamily danainae.

Giant Glasswing
Methona confusa
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
29 May 2009
Monarch
Danaus plexippus
El Dorado Lodge area,
Colombia,
30 October 2014

D. plexippus is nearly identical to D. erippus, which latter one until 2007 was regarded as a subspecies of D. plexippus.
D. erippus usually has an orange trailing edge of the forewings, while in D. plexippus it is black.
The distribution of D. plexippus ranges from southern Canada to central South America; D. erippus is only found south of the Andes.

Julia Butterfly
Dryas iulia
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
15 June 2009

This is a female Julia Butterfly. Females are more brown orange than males, and they have more dark marks on top of the wings than males.

I photographed a male in Florida

Silverspot Butterfly
Dione juno
Ollantaytambo, Peru
5 June 2009
Eleuchia Longwing
Heliconius eleuchia
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
25 October 2014
Gulf Fritillary
Oranje Parelmoervlinder
(Agraulis vanillae)

Santa Marta, Colombia
24 October 2014

The Gulf Fritillary is a medium to large butterfly, with a wingspan of 6 – 9.5 cm.
It takes its common name from its migration over the Gulf of Mexico.
Alala Sister
Adelpha alala negra
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015

There are 85 known species of Adelpha, all but two of which are confined to Central and South America.
Adelpha butterflies are characterised by having a distinctive blackish marbled pattern overlaid on a brown ground colour.

Adelpha alala is the only Adelpha species with two separate white dashes near the apeps

Boeotia Sister
Adelpha boeotia boeotia
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015

David Geale, an expert on neotropical butterflies and particularly on the species in Tatamá, and who I met at the Montezuma Lodge, helped me identifying all the butterflies species that I photographed in Tatamá National Park, Colombia.

Capucinus Sister
Adelpha capucinus
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

Dr. Keith Willmott, assistant curator of Lepidoptera at the McGuire Center for Lepidoptera & Biodiversity in Florida and a leading expert on South America butterflies helped me identifying this species.

Ethelda Sister
Adelpha ethelda eponina
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015
White-spot Sister
Adelpha leucophthalma
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015
Levona Sister
Adelpha levona
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015
Rayed Sister
Adelpha lycorias wallisii
Montezuma Lodge area,
Parque Nacional Tatamá,
Risaraldas, Colombia
28 June 2015

Lowland Owlet
Opsiphanes invirae
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

Dirce Beauty
Colobura dirce
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009
Malachite Butterfly
Siproeta stelenes
Lake Sandoval, Peru
21 June 2009
Scarlet Peacock
Anartia amathea
Pozo Azul, Minca area,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
31 October 2014
Orange Admiral
Hypanartia lethe
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
29 October 2014

A common montane species. The genus Hypanartia includes 14 species, all of which occur primarily in cloudforests of the Andes and the Cordilleras of Central America.
Andrew Neild, author of The Butterflies of Venezuela helped me identifying this butterfly.
Orange-patched Crescent
Anthanassa drusilla drusilla
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

There are 16 known species in the genus Anthanassa, most of which are confined to the neotropical region, although 3 are found in the USA. This is a female.
Andrew Neild, author of The Butterflies of Venezuela helped me identifying this butterfly.
White Crescent
Janatella leucodesma
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Fiery Satyr
Lasiophila orbifera
Machu Picchu, Peru
6 June 2009

This is a cloudforest species found at altitudes between about 1400-2800m.

Satyrinae sp.
Taygetis sp.
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
22 June 2009

According to Dr. Keith Willmott, assistant curator of Lepidoptera at the McGuire Center for Lepidoptera & Biodiversity in Florida and a leading expert on South America butterflies, this is a Taygetis species, possibly T. larua or T. mermeria, or another possibly undescribed species near to both of these.
Dr. Willmott informed me that it's difficult to tell without a good look at the underside of the wings.
Saturnus Ringlet
Euptychoides saturnus
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
25 October 2014

There are 11 species in the genus Euptychoides. This species is found in Colombia, Venezuela and northern Peru.
The butterfly occurs in cloudforest at elevations between about 1000-2000m.
Harmonia Ringlet
Hermeuptychia harmonia
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
25 October 2014

A fairly common butterfly at middle altitudes. The similar species H. cucullina occurs in Bolivia/Peru.
Dr. Angel Viloria (an Venezuelian expert on Satyrine butterflies) who was asked by my friend Dr. David Lees to help, has identified this butterfly.
Sierrasteroma polyxo
Sierrasteroma polyxo
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains,
Colombia
27 October 2014
Tyrrheus Satyr
Pedaliodes tyrrheus
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
27 October 2014

Endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) with two subspecies; the Western subspecies P. tyrrheus tayrona and the Eastern subspecies P. tyrrheus tyrrheus which has a diagnostic reddish submarginal band on the upperside of the hindwing; P. tyrrheus tayrona lacks this band. It resembles P. cebolleta, which is restricted to a very humid altitudinal band of cloud forest. Dr. Angel Viloria has identified this butterfly.
Symmachus Satyr
Corderopedaliodes symmachus
El Dorado NP,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
25 October 2014

Endemic to the SNSM. Although its wing pattern is not typical of Corderopedaliodes, it has been given this generic name mainly because of its male genitalic structure, a lot more closer to the Andean Corderopedaliodes (straight aedeagus) than to Pedaliodes (contorted aedeagus, like a screw, very assymmetrical) or Physcopedaliodes (which has a very long, thin and straight aedeagus). Dr. Angel Viloria has identified this butterfly.
Gold Rim Swallowtail
Battus polydamas polydamas
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

Adults (8 - 9 cm wingspan) visit the flowers of Lantana camara, as on the photo. Note that the underside of the thorax has red spots and the hind wings have no tails.
Cloudless Sulphur
Phoebis sennae
Santa Marta, Colombia
24 October 2014

Wing spans range from 4.8 to 6.5 cm. Adults are usually bright yellow, but some summer form females are pale yellow or white.
Females (on the photo) have a narrow black border on the wings and a dark spot in the middle of the front wing.
Pisonis Mimic
Itaballia pandosia pisonis
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
13 June 2009

Green Mantle
Caria mantinea
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
16 June 2009

Member within the family of Riodinidae, subfamily Riodininae.

Spilomelinae sp.
Spilomela perspicata
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

Member within the family of Crambidae, subfamily Spilomelinae.

Richard Mally, an expert on Crambidae (snout moths) from the University of Bergen, Norway, helped me identifying this species.

Spilomelinae sp.
Diaphania sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Crambidae, subfamily Spilomelinae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Spilomelinae sp.
Palpita sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

According to Richard Mally, an expert on Crambidae (snout moths) from the University of Bergen, Norway, this may be
a Palpita species within the family of Crambidae, subfamily Spilomelinae, but it should be noted that it is difficult to make a 100% identification from just a photo.

Ruby-headed Tiger Moth
Amastus coccinator
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
25 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae.

According to Michel Laguerre, an expert on Neotropical Arctiidae butterflies, this is likeli Amastus coccinator, a common species between 1500 - 2500 meter, but it should be noted that it is difficult to make a 100% identification from just a photo.

Tiger Moth sp.
Amastus aconia
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae.

According to Michel Laguerre, an expert on Neotropical Arctiinae butterflies, this is Amastus aconia, a common species above 1000 meter.

Tiger Moth sp.
Amastus sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Tiger Moth sp.
Galethalea sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

According to Michel Laguerre, this species was originally described within the genus Euceron, but all the black and white species were then moved to the genus Galethalea. This may be changed again, since a large part of these species show genitalia similar to the genus Nelphe (a genus close to Euceron). This may be Galethalea picoides (only Galethalea species described in Santa Marta) but the black markings seem too narrow.

Tiger Moth sp.
Symphlebia fulminans
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae.

Tiger Moth sp.
Symphlebia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
28 October 2014

According to Michel Laguerre, an expert on Neotropical Arctiinae butterflies, this may be an undescribed species. It resembles Symphlebia citrarius but it is clearly different. Another species, Symphlebia rosa, has been described from Colombia but it is only known from the female and this genus is largely dimorphic, so the male is still unknown (and the one on the photo is a male).

Tiger Moth sp.
Theages flavicaput
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae.

According to Michel Laguerre, an expert on Neotropical Arctiinae butterflies, this is likeli Theages flavicaput but it it should be noted that it is difficult to make a 100% identification from just a photo.

Wasp Moth sp.
Isanthrene crabroniformis
Minca, Colombia
24 October 2014

At the time, I thought I was photographing a large wasp but in fact it is a wasp mimicking moth!

Calpinae sp.
Letis magna
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Calpinae.

According to Jerome Barbut, an expert on Neotropical Noctuidae butterflies from the National History Museum of Paris, this is likely Letis magna, but it should be noted that it is difficult to make a 100% identification from just a photo.

Erebiinae sp.
Tolnatodes dasynota
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
25 October 2014

Member within the family of Erebidae, subfamily Erebinae.

Jerome Barbut, an expert on Neotropical Noctuidae butterflies from the National History Museum of Paris, identified this moth.

Ennominae sp.
Cimicodes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

There are 9 Cimicodes species, distributed from Costa Rica to Peru and Bolivia. All have falcate forewings, speckled with darker scales and marked with dark curved transverse lines. The most distinctive characteristic of Cimicodes is the broad costal band, which is present in all species. Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany, identified the genus.

Ennominae sp.
Cimicodes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae. Note the broad costal band which is characteristic of all 9 Cimicodes species.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Ennominae sp.
Epimecis sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
25 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Dr. Axel Hausmann of the Lepidoptera Section of the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology in Munich, Germany, helped me identifying this genus.

Ennominae sp.
Hygrochroma sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Dr. Axel Hausmann of the Lepidoptera Section of the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology in Munich, Germany, helped me identifying this genus.

Ennominae sp.
Oxydia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Ennominae sp.
Oxydia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Ennominae sp.
Oxydia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Ennominae sp.
Oxydia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Blotched Leopard
Pantherodes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
25 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

There are a number of very similar looking species: Pantherodes pardalaria, Pantherodes conglomerata and Pantherodes colubraria.

Ennominae sp.
Sericoptera mahometeria
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Ennominae.

Geometrinae sp.
Lissochlora sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

According to Dr. Axel Hausmann of the Lepidoptera Section of the Bavarian State Collection of Zoology in Munich, Germany,
this is a Geometrinae moth from the Lissochlora genus near L. albociliaria. It should be noted, however, that the Geometrinae from the genus Nemoria look very similar.

Geometrinae sp.
Rhodochlora sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
28 October 2014

Member within the family of Geometridae, subfamily Geometrinae.

Larentiinae sp.
Eois sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

Eois is a pantropical genus of Geometridae moths with more than 250 valid described species, the majority of which occur in the Neotropics. The total richness of the genus is estimated to be more than 1,000 species in the Neotropical region.
Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany, helped me identifying the genus.

Dorantes Longtail
Urbanus dorantes
Santa Marta, Colombia
24 October 2014

Member within the family of Hesperidae, subfamily Pyrginae.

Like most Urbanus species this butterfly is usually associated with disturbed habitats including forest glades and clearings, roadsides and pastures, at altitudes between sea level and about 1500m.

I found this species near the Santa Marta beach (in the background)

Heterocampinae sp.
Lobeza sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

It seems that the genus Lobeza is not yet undoubtedly assigned to a subfamily. The genus is thought to be part of Heterocampinae, however, with the lack of morphological or biological evidence, this hypothesis remains controversial.
Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany, helped me identifying the genus.

Heterocampinae sp.
Disphragis sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

Member within the family of Notodontidae, subfamily Heterocampinae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Hemileucinae sp.
Dirphia subhorca
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
12 June 2009

Member within the family of Saturnidae, subfamily Hemileucinae.

Hemileucinae sp.
Gamelia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

According to Dr. Stefan Naumann (expert on Saturnidae butterflies and research associate at the Museum of Berlin) & Dr. Wolfgang Nässig (expert on Saturnidae butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum in Frankfurt, Germany) who were asked by Franziska Bauer (also from the Senckenberg Research Institute) to help with the identification of this moth, this is very likely Gamelia kiefferi.

Hemileucinae sp.
Hylesia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
28 October 2014

Member within the family of Saturnidae, subfamily Hemileucinae.

Dr. David Lees from the Department of Zoology of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, who I met in Madagascar in January 2014, helped me identifying the genus.

Giant Silk Moth sp.
Rothschildia erycina
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
9 June 2009

Member within the family of Saturnidae, subfamily Saturniinae.

Giant Silk Moth sp.
Rothschildia sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
28 October 2014

This may be Rothschildia orizaba, Rothschildia arethusa or Rothschildia lebeau.
Rothschildia arethusa is one of the larger species in the Rothschildia genus. R. arethusa is found from Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina and from Colombia south to Peru.

Macroglossinae sp.
Xylophanes ceratomioides
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Sphingidae, subfamily Macroglossinae.
The wingspan is 86–96 mm.

Dr. David Lees from the Department of Zoology of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, who I met in Madagascar in January 2014, helped me identifying this species.

Macroglossinae sp.
Xylophanes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
29 October 2014

Member within the family of Sphingidae, subfamily Macroglossinae.

Macroglossinae sp.
Xylophanes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

Member within the family of Sphingidae, subfamily Macroglossinae.

Macroglossinae sp.
Xylophanes sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

It resembles Xylophanes letiranti, but the creamy "tear drops" on the hindwing do not display the black speckles inside these tear drops associated with X. letiranti. In addition, there are no grey lines on thorax which are prominent on Xylophanes crotonis and Xylophanes letiranti.
I found some discussions on the internet about this species found at El Dorado and it seems that this may be a species not yet described.

Smerinthinae sp.
Adhemarius ypsilon
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
26 October 2014

The wingspan is 89–117 mm for males and 107–126 mm for females.
According to Dr. David Lees from the Department of Zoology of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, who I met in Madagascar in January 2014, this may be Adhemarius ypsilon, but it should be noted that it is difficult to make a 100% identification from just a photo.

Cluentius Sphinx
Neococytius cluentius
Lake Sandoval, Peru
20 June 2009

Member within the family of Sphingidae, subfamily Sphinginae.

Sphinginae sp.
Manduca sp.
El Dorado Lodge area,
Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia
30 October 2014

Member within the family of Sphingidae, subfamily Sphinginae.

Franziska Bauer, an expert on butterflies from the Senckenberg Research Institute, Museum for Zoology in Dresden, Germany,
helped me identifying the genus.

Peacock Moth
Urania leilus
Reserva Ecologica Taricaya, Peru
10 June 2009

Member within the family of Uraniidae, subfamily Uraniinae.

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